Ancient Monument Placemarks   

Placemarks Downloads:  

Eastern Woodlands  |  South America  |  Mesoamerica  |  American West  |  Europe  |  Africa  |  Asia

To view the linked .kmz and .kml placemark files, you must have Google Earth's (GE) digital globe browser installed. Not all browsers will click-launch the files. KML files may be treated as XML by web browsers. Try downloading the files first if you have GE installed and a placemark file does not open.

From direct experience, I'm glimpsing a possible forthcoming chronic disorder

"Google Earth™ Addiction" ;-)

Speaking seriously, Google's new interactive tool has become a time sink in a productive and educational way. High resolution image updates are providing surprising details. Anyone almost everywhere can now count the megaliths at Avebury, hike the Inca Trail, visit Machu Picchu, and fly between monuments exploring the landscape.

And the whole globe is under control of our fingertips.

avebury aerial

The extreme desert of Peru is giving up even more prehistoric geodesy than the green Salisbury landscape. Faint wall marks appear in fields around Avebury. From the huacas in Peru to the Southwest desert, and in deserts elsewhere, one can count circles, walls, kivas, or sunken plazas with ease. The rooms and mounds at Casas Grandes are great to see from aloft, especially in stark contast to the immediately adjacent, old grainy view (top of following image).
casas grandes aerial

Today (2006), dusty outline maps from academic archaeology articles are coming to life in full color. Tilting the view and spinning around to appreciate the surrounding horizon provides the geographic context of previously vague, remote ruins. And the placemarks often provide useful contextual information plus photography links.

I've had a ton of new fun organizing several placemark files. More links will follow, and I'll update existing files. Keeping up with the new wave of educational IT advances may detract from incomplete projects, but it is also proving rather irresistable. Enjoy the files, send along your feedback, and watch for early signs of Google Earth™ addiction.

Google Earth™ is a free download.User Guide
Google Earth and Archaeology   |    Teaching with Google Earth
Google Earth and Geoscience Education: What is Google Earth?   |    Excel › KML

Ancient Earthworks of the Eastern Woodlands
porthsmouth aerial
Integrating photo gallery links, site map overlays, GPS data, calculators, and code terms.

google earth image
Newark Archaeogeodesy
Assessing Evidence of Geospatial Intelligence in the Americas

Newark Earthworks
Cahokia Mounds GPS
Marietta Earthworks
Hopeton Works
Portsmouth Earthworks
Grave Creek
Hopewell Earthworks
Wolfs Plains Mound Group
Seip and Baum
Frankfort Earthworks
Liberty Works and High Bank
Mound City
Serpent Mound
Mississippi River
Southeast
Cedar Bank
Indiana
Marksville

cahokia aerial
Monument labels are terse code terms used in the spherical trig calculator, archaeogeodesy.xls.
Input the terms to easily determine the geodetic properties and site-to-site relationships of monuments.
cahokia mounds latitude map, with monk's mound and woodhenge

Ancient South America

Ancient geodesy of Huaca del Sol, latitude equals the acrtangent of one-seventh.

New 2013: Peru Coastal Valleys 15.3 MB KMZ file  |  Andes Highlands 24.2 MB file
Casma-Sechin Valley
Moche Valley
Chavín de Huantár
Huaca del Sol The Chicama-Moche Canal
Lurin Valley
Nepeña Rimac Valley
Amazon Geoglyphs
Cuzco Tiwanaku
Santa Valley Inca Trail Sillustani Towers
Chincheros Sacred Valley Choquequirao
Machu Picchu and Llactapata

Peru Coastal valleys map.
In the Andes Web Ring page, mouse-over valley names in this image for Google Earth files.amazon geoglyphs. Geoglifos.
Amazon Geoglyphs- Hundreds of Geoglifos Discovered in the Amazon

Chavin de Huantar map
Ancient geodesy of andean huaca in Peru, Sechin Alto located at latitude equaling the arctangent of one-sixth.
huaca de los idolos aerial
Note the recent Inca Road transecting the ancient ruins.

Ancient Mesoamerica

Chichen Itza Teotihuacan Central Mexico
Maya Yucatan Uxmal
Development continues. Please obtain and contribute monument GPS readings.

Tikal Placemarks and Overlay Maps - 3.8 MB
Tikal Map

The American West
Chaco Canyon
Aztec Ruins
Utah
Mesa Verde
Hovenweep NM
Arizona
Salinas Pueblo Missions NM
Chimney Rock Ancient Moon Observatory NM

SW Archaeology Spring 2007 GPS Placemarks,
a .kmz file with links to their respective Photo Galleries.
I've begun adding thumbnail images and ruin overlay maps. A KML version is online too.

pueblo bonito placemarks kml
GPS survey illustrates how Google Earth (GE), under development, does not always agree with WGS84.
Pueblo Bonito placemarks of four wall corners and the centerpoints of two great kivas are shown.
Historical imagery in Google Earth allows comparing early and recent imagery and GE image placements.

Chaco Canyon aerial photo

Ancient Europe Placemarks
Avebury Area
Bend of the Boyne - Newgrange
Thornborough
Neolithic Brittany
Llandygai Henges Excavation
Neolithic Calc NE Europe

ArchaeoBlog: Stonehenge and Astronomy - Stonehenge and Pi

Avebury latitude aerial image illustrating ancient geodesy of monument placement, latitude equals one-seventh of circumference.

The Heart of Neolithic Orkney
Stones of Stennes, Callanish, Avebury stone circles arc distance ratios equals astronomical constant.

Africa Placemarks

giza pyramids aerial photo   Ancient Nile River Monuments

When viewing geometric monuments with significant elevation, the oblique view of the camera is readily apparent—see the Washington Monument.

In this GE screen capture of Khufu's and Khafre's pyramids, note the seam between two images (bright on the right and darker on the left) and note that each pyramid has a unique angle of oblique view.

This points to the degree of accuracy, or I should say "inaccuracy" of the monument representations in this format. Online, an updated image has since replaced this one.

Giza-Newgrange KML

Asia Placemarks
Xi'an Pyramids, China
asia.xls
From Xianyang, a long field of pyramids extends over 36 km.  Xi'an is surrounded by immense pyramids.
xian pyramids

 

" 11 Ahau was the katun when they carried on their backs. Then the land-surveyor first came; this was Ah Ppizte who measured the leagues. Then there came the chacté shrub for marking the leagues with their walking sticks. Then he came Uac-hab-nal to pull the weeds along the leagues, when Mizcit Ahau came to sweep clean the leagues, when the land-surveyor came. These were long leagues that he measured. ..."

"... the great mounds came to be built by the lineages and all the things which the rulers did. They were the ones who built the mounds. It took thirteen katuns and six years for them to construct them. The following was the beginning of the mounds they built. Fifteen four-hundreds were the scores of their mounds, and fifty more made the total count of the mounds they constructed all over the land. "

THE BOOK OF CHILAM BALAM OF CHUMAYEL, Ralph L. Roys, 1933, Carnegie Institution Washington D.C.

Newark Archaeogeodesy
Assessing Evidence of Geospatial Intelligence in the Americasmiamisburg mound at sunrise with fall colors

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