- The simultaneous action of separate agencies which, together, have
a greater total effect than their separate effects.
- Computer Network.
- A collection of computers and related devices, connected in a way
that allows them to share data, hardware, and software.
- A device with a keyboard and a monitor, used for input and output,
but not for processing.
- Local Area Network (LAN).
- An interconnected group of computers and peripherals located within
a relatively limited area, such as building or a campus.
- Network Version Software.
- Applications designed for installation on a file server and made
available to more than one user at a time.
- Software that provides ways for multiple users to collaborate on
a project, usually through a pool of data that can be shared by members
of the workgroup.
- Circuit Switching.
- The method of establishing an end-to-end connect between computers
for the duration of a data transmission.
- Packet Switching.
- A technology employed by data communications networks, such as
the Internet, whereby a message is divided into smaller transmission
units called packets.
- A computer at an intersection on a packet-switching network that
examines IP addresses and forwards the data towards its destination
on the least congested path.
- In data communication and networking, a specifying standard governing
data format and transmission rules.
- Protocol Suite.
- The total collection of protocols that define how a specific network's
functions. Networks can employ dozens of protocols.
- Protocol Stack.
- A network architecture concept that describes the sequence of data
handling, between the user and the physical media, by a series of
- Network Interface Card (NIC) .
- A circuit board that enables sending and receiving data on a network.
- A computer connected to a local area network.
- Each device on a network, including workstations, servers, printers,
and other peripherals.
- Client/Server Network.
- A network with workstations (clients) and one or more the servers.
- File Server.
- In client/server computing, a high-capacity, high-speed computer
dedicated to making files and programs available to client workstations
- In network computing, all the workstations that connect to and
send requests to a server.
- The physical layout of a network. The pattern of communications
pathways, such as star, bus, and ring.
- A disruption of communication that occurs when two packets are
sent at the same time. Corruption of data caused by simultaneous transmission.
- A LAN standard in which network nodes are connected by coaxial
cable or twisted-pair wire. The most popular network architecture,
capable of transmitting data at 10 Mbps to 1 Gbps.
- Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
- A set of business-to-business standards to facilitate paperless