- Identity Theft.
- Fraudulent use of another person's identifying information, commonly
to establish a credit card account.
- In the electronic media context, the ability to restrict or eliminate
the collection, use , and sale of personal and confidential information.
In the jurisprudence context, the right to be left alone.
- The process of coding information so that it can only be understood
by the intended recipient.
- Injury to another person's reputation by means of false and malicious
- A false or malicious written or printed statement, or any symbolic
representation exposing a person to public defamation.
- A file written from a Web server to a client computer's hard disk,
usually to record and provide information about the user for future
- Encryption Algorithm.
- The step-by-step method for encrypting and decrypting a message.
- Symmetric Encryption.
- Use of the same cipher key for both encryption and decryption.
- Data Encryption Standard (DES).
- A commonly-used, symmetric key encryption system developed by United
States security agencies.
- Strong Encryption.
- Encryption methods that are very difficult or impossible to break.
- Key Interception.
- The theft of a decryption key, the major vulnerability of encryption.
- Public Key Encryption (PKE).
- An encryption method using two keys, a public key to encrypt messages,
and a private key to decrypt known only to the recipient.
- Computationally Intensive.
- Processing that placed a heavy burden on the processing unit.
- Techniques used to break codes.
- Key Length.
- The length, in bits, of an encryption code. Key lengths of 128
bits are considered invulnerable to decryption.
- Digital Certificate.
- A security method that validates an individual's identity.
- Digital Signature.
- A technique used to determine if a message has been altered.
- Certificate Authority (CA).
- A company that verifies the identity of individuals and issues
digital certificates attesting to the veracity of identity.
- Pretty Good Privacy (PGP).
- The most widely used digital signature and certificate system.