The 2004 Election:  Analyses, Summaries, Charts, and Spreadsheets

The 2004 Presidential Election Results: PowerPoints

The 2004 Ohio Presidential Election: Cuyahoga County Analysis:
ARTICLE: How Kerry Votes Were Switched to Bush Votes

View PowerPoint presentations featuring highlights from the article.

Download vote_switching.ppt - 700 Kb PowerPoint file.

"How Kerry Votes were Switched to Bush Votes,"
the PowerPoint, introduces the viewer to key factors influencing
vote-switching in Cuyahoga County's 2004 Presidential election.

  • Votes Assigned to Wrong Candidates!
  • Cross-Voting and Vote-Switching
  • Candidate Support Determines Cross-Voting Impact
  • Ballot Order Combinations Determine Cross-Vote Outcomes
  • Ballot Orders and Vote-Switching Probabilities
  • More ...

Educator Resources:  PowerPoints  |  Figures from the Article  |  Ohio Punch Cards

Inadvertent Wrong-Precinct Voting or Vote-Switching Fraud
NEW June 2007 - Download precinct_switching.ppt - a 680 Kb PowerPoint
featuring a comparison of various probability sorts.

" In a subset of 166,953 votes, one of every 34 Ohio voters,
the Kerry-Bush margin shifts 6.15% ... "

Don't have PowerPoint? PowerPoint Viewer is a free MicroSoft download.

Download the Database: cuyahoga_precincts.mdb
Download the Spreadsheets: cuyahoga_probability.xls  |  cuyahoga_precincts_subsets.xls

Article Excerpts:

"Questions have been raised about the fairness of the 2004 Presidential election in the United States of America (US). In 2000, the US post-election focus was on Florida, on fairness of punch card voting, and on vote count accuracy. In 2004, Ohio's failure to replace punch card voting with improved systems is just one of many issues raised with regard to the Ohio 2004 Presidential election. Other fairness, fraud, and irregularity issues include a variety of forms of voter suppression, vote-switching, cross-voting, paperless voting, provisional ballot counting, voter registration fraud, secrecy, electronic voting security, politization of process, and recount issues.

"In the following article I focus on one Presidential election issue, cross-voting—how votes cast one way are counted as a vote for a different candidate or option. I also focus on Ohio and a particular area with one-tenth of the Ohio vote, Cuyahoga County. ... This article discusses problems with the 2004 Ohio Presidential election generally and demonstrates how the Cuyahoga County election was inherently unfair and resulted in many Kerry votes going uncounted, counted as third-party votes, or being switched to Bush votes...."

Continue reading: How Kerry Votes Were Switched to Bush Votes

Election Fraud, Irregularity, and Reform Headlines
-- Media article links from Nov. 2004 to April 2005 --
See News to researh more recent or earlier events.  
Some media outlet links expire, so, rather than maintain links,
I've zipped all the Headline files in a single folder:

Download Election Fraud, Irregularity, and Reform Headlines

Election Results and Analysis: The Spreadsheets
The spreadsheets includes national results and many key state results:
Ohio, Florida, New Mexico, South Dakota, Iowa, Nevada, California.

Ohio Spreadsheets

UPDATED: Cuyahoga County Official Results Spreadsheets
Spreadsheets with probability sorting and statistical analysis    |    Contact